Univerity of Wisconsin-Madison

Psychology 621 (a.k.a. lab meeting)
Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory
Fall 2023

In this course we emphasize the critical evaluation of topical issues and data in working memory research. Toward this end, we also emphasize the methods of neuroimaging, neuropsychology, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), electroencephalography (EEG), and experimental psychology.

Format: Each week we discuss (at least) one article from the recent literature.  These discussions are organized as informal presentations that will give us an opportunity to discuss and assess in detail the theory, methods, results, and interpretation associated with that particular paper.  On occasion, these discussions are supplemented with, or supplanted by, an informal presentation of the design and/or results from an experiment being conducted in the Postle laboratory (see section on "3 credits", below).  Following the discussion of a particular paper or project, we end the meeting with an attempt to integrate what we've learned from this specific information into the perspective of contemporary cognitive neuroscience inquiry.

Levels of participation: The class may be taken for 1 or 3 credits.  The requirements for 1-credit registrants are simply to come to class having read the assigned paper, and prepared to participate in the discussion. The additional requirements for 3-credit registrants are to participate in a research project in the Postle laboratory that entails at least 10 hr./wk. of research time during two consecutive semesters. Availability of 3-credit option depends on current needs of the lab. The course number is Psychology 621. The in-class presentations of 3-crediters typically focus on their own experiments.


Meeting time and place: Fridays at 9:55 am in Brogden Psychology Building Room 519

Instructor: Brad Postle, 515 Psychology, 262-4330,

Office hours: By appointment.

With the exception of time-sensitive emergencies, email is the most effective and preferred way for you to contact me.

All readings are either available for download from the Lab Meeting tab on the Postlab website, or you may request a hard copy by emailing Jackie Fulvio at

Background readings

Postle BR (2015). The cognitive neuroscience of visual short-term memory, Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 1: 40-46.

Aschwanden C (2014). Harassment in Science, Replicated. New York Times, August 11.

Postle BR (2017). Harassment in the academic setting. (View the first 12 minutes or so of the lecture)


Fall 2023

September 8

Comeaux, Clark, Noudoost (2023). A recruitment through coherence theory of working memory. Progress in Neurobiology, Volume 228 [download]


September 15

Harrison, W.J. & Bays, P.M. (2018). Visual working memory is independent of the cortical spacing between memoranda. The Journal of Neuroscience, 38(12):3116-3123. [download]


Mo, C., Lu, J., Wu, B., Jia, J., Luo, H., & Fang, F. (2019). Competing rhythmic neural representations of orientations during concurrent attention to multiple orientation features. Nature Communications10(1), 1-10, [download]


September 22

Langdon, Genkin, Engel (2023). A unifying perspective on neural manifolds and circuits for cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 24, 363–377. [download]


September 29

No meeting - BP traveling


October 6 - note: room location will be 634 Brogden for this meeting

Boroujeni & Womelsdorf (2023) Routing states transition during oscillatory bursts and attentional selection. Neuron. DOI: 


October 13

Odean, N. N., Sanayei, M., & Shadlen, M. N. (2023). Transient oscillations of neural firing rate associated with routing of evidence in a perceptual decision. Journal of Neuroscience, 43(37):6369–6383. [download]


October 20

Jahn, Markov, Morea, Ebitz, & Buschman (July 2023). Learning attentional templates for value-based decision-making. bioRxiv. doi: [download]


October 27

Peelen, & Downing (2023). Testing cognitive theories with multivariate pattern analysis of neuroimaging data. Nat Hum Behav . [pdf]


November 3

Watanabe, Kadohisa, Kusunoki, Buckley, & Duncan (2023). Cycles of goal silencing and reactivation underlie complex problem-solving in primate frontal and parietal cortex. Nat Commun 14, 5054 [download]


November 10

No meeting - Society for Neuroscience conference


November 17

Cunningham, E. C., Zimnicki, C., & Beck, D. M. (2023). The influence of prestimulus 1/f-like vs. alpha-band activity on subjective awareness of auditory and visual stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience, 43(37):6447–6459. [download]


November 24

Thanksgiving break.


December 1

Beukers, A., Hamin, M., Norman, K. A., & Cohen, J. D. (2023). When working memory may be just working, not memory. Psychological Review, 1-15. [download]


December 8

Panichello, M. F., Jonikaitis, D., Oh, J., Zhu, S., Trepka, E. B., & Moore, T. (2023). Cue-specific neuronal ensembles span intermittent rate coding of working memory. bioRxiv, 2023-10. [download]



Where to take complaints about a Teaching Assistant or Course Instructor:

Occasionally, a student may have a complaint about a TA or course instructor. If that happens, you should feel free to discuss the matter directly with the TA or instructor. If the complaint is about the TA and you do not feel comfortable discussing it with him or her, you should discuss it with the course instructor. If you do not want to approach the instructor, make an appointment to speak to the Department Chair, Professor Patricia Devine, by emailing:

If your complaint has to do with sexual harassment, you may also take your complaint to Dan Barnish, Undergraduate Program Coordinator, phone 262-0512 or email him at His office is located on the second floor of the Psychology building, room 223.

If you believe the TA or course instructor has discriminated against you because of your religion, race, gender, sexual orientation, or ethnic background, you also may take your complaint to the Office of Equity and Diversity, room 179-A Bascom Hall, or go to:

Ethics of being a student in the Department of Psychology

The members of the faculty of the Department of Psychology at UW-Madison uphold the highest ethical standards of teaching and research. They expect their students to uphold the same standards of ethical conduct. By registering for this course, you are implicitly agreeing to conduct yourself with the utmost integrity throughout the semester.

In the Department of Psychology, acts of academic misconduct are taken very seriously. Such acts diminish the educational experience for all involved – students who commit the acts, classmates who would never consider engaging in such behaviors, and instructors. Academic misconduct includes, but is not limited to, cheating on assignments and exams, stealing exams, sabotaging the work of classmates, submitting fraudulent data, plagiarizing the work of classmates or published and/or online sources, acquiring previously written papers and submitting them (altered or unaltered) for course assignments, collaborating with classmates when such collaboration is not authorized, and assisting fellow students in acts of misconduct. Students who have knowledge that classmates have engaged in academic misconduct should report this to the instructor.

For detailed information on how to avoid plagiarism, please see the following website:

Your instructor will contact you if s/he has concerns about academic misconduct. You will have an opportunity to explain your work and address your instructor’s concerns. Following the meeting, if your instructor believes that you engaged in misconduct, s/he will decide on an action. Following UW protocol, your instructor will inform the Dean of Students’ Office of the outcome of the meeting and proposed sanction. Penalties for substantiated cases of academic misconduct include a zero on the assignment or exam, a lower grade in the course, and failure in the course. Repeated acts of academic misconduct may result in more serious actions such as probation or suspension. For complete information on proper conduct, academic misconduct, and sanctions, please see UWS Chapter 14:

Instructional Accommodations

The University of Wisconsin-Madison supports the right of all enrolled students to a full and equal educational opportunity. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Wisconsin State Statute (36.12), and UW-Madison policy (Faculty Document 1071) require that students with disabilities be reasonably accommodated in instruction and campus life. Reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities is a shared faculty and student responsibility.

Students are expected to inform faculty [me] of their need for instructional accommodations by the end of the third week of the semester, or as soon as possible after a disability has been incurred or recognized. Faculty [I], will work either directly with the student [you] or in coordination with the McBurney Center to identify and provide reasonable instructional accommodations. Disability information, including instructional accommodations, as part of a studentʼs educational record is confidential and protected under FERPA.

Pandemic/Catastrophic Readiness

In the event that this course is no longer able to meet face-to-face, students should be up to date with course readings and prepared to be evaluated on their knowledge/reading of these materials via email communication with the professor or the lab manager. These readings can be found on the lab website at under the “Lab Meeting” tab. All questions during any such event should be addressed to the lab manager, Jackie Fulvio ( In additions students should monitor the UW-Madison homepage for emergency information and updates.

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